Architecture and Exterior Design
In recent years, after the importance of public spaces and the value of urban life has been raised again, the landscape has become more important. The facade actually separates the inside of the building from the outside and separates the private space from the public space. The façade reflects the cultural status of the builders and reflects the level of order in the design of the building, the amenities and tastes of the designer and the owner. One view is as a general introduction to the status of building occupants. The facade is, in fact, the face of the building and the best expression that the designer or owner has of the outside. Interior views are mostly private, but the views that open to the city's alley are more general. Therefore, the facades of the building on the one hand have a social appearance and, on the other, a distinctive appearance of its occupants, so the facade of each building must be both in relation to the public space and be able to express the interior volume of the building.
The facade of each building is influenced by the complex of the city in which it is present, affecting the body of the streets or squares in which it is located. If one considers the facade of a single building without considering the other facades, the homogeneity of the urban facade is lost in general. The contradiction between the urban aspect and the individual expression of the facade can be eliminated if the building is considered a part of the city and its relationship to the multilateral environment. The street view should be subject to the correlation factors between the surrounding views. But at the same time it has its own personality based on a combination of different components in terms of performance, dimensions and materials. The facade is not really a flat surface, but rather a transitional surface between the interior and exterior space that is associated with the back and forth, the terrace and so on. The building's facade needs to be more closed and protected than the street to maintain the privacy of its residents. The façade of the building should seek to create a harmonious overall with a good fit of windows, door openings, canopies and ceilings, vertical and horizontal structures, materials, colors, decorative elements and more. Windows, along with other elements of the wall, create open and closed surfaces, dark and light, smooth and rugged. Due to the periodic repetition of the windows, the multi-storey buildings are in perfect order. But sometimes due to the increased light in the upper floors, this order loses its rhythm. The separation of horizontal and vertical elements has an overall effect on the facade. The proportions of the building elements must conform to the entire dimensions of the building.